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Anuket Issues Kali Release, Fully Merges Work of CNTT + OPNFV

By Blog, News

By: Al Morton, TSC Co-Chair, Anuket

It is my great honor to announce and describe the Kali Release of the Anuket Project in the Linux Foundation Networking (LFN) organization.

As the Anuket Project’s first release, Kali benefits from the combined expertise and contributions from the two organizations that merged early this year: the Open Platform for NFV (OPNFV) open source project in LFN and the Cloud iNfrastructure Telco Task Force (CNTT). Many work streams developing Reference specifications and projects developing implementations, testing utilities, telemetry collection and management, and other capabilities comprise the Kali Release.

For the AIRSHIP Installer, the Kali release brings enhanced support of OpenStack provider network and QOS in the Anuket RI-1 and further alignment to the RC-1 policy settings. As a result, the Reference Compliance (RC) compliance level has increased significantly.

The Barometer telemetry project code focusses on changes that will make testing and integrating easier. While this release updates to the collectd 5.12, A new reference container was added for the collectd-6.0 version (under development). This represents a big API change and easier plugin porting in the future.

The CIRV-Software Delivery Verification project added Validation of the Openstack Security Checklist, Implementation of the CNTT Pod Descriptor Format (PDF), a GUI tool to create PDF, and Implements Updates to PDF based on Elbrus Release.

The Functest project delivered is a collection of state-of-the-art virtual infrastructure test suites, including automatic VNF testing. It includes about 3000+ functional tests. Functest actively support OpenStack and Kubernetes testing, respectively from Train to Wallaby and from v1.18 to v1.21, and the Kali branch (2020) is still active.

The ViNePERF project kept its automated, standards-compliant, testing platform up to date. In Kali Release, ViNePerf has added support for Kubernetes dataplane performane benchmarking for North-South Traffic – Single Pod and Multipod. Also enhanced reporting to support both Openstack and Kubernetes, and support for Fedora 33, Ubuntu 20.04, DPDK:20.05, OVS:2.14.0, VPP:21.01

The Reference Model Specification drives Anuket’s Reference Architectures, Compliance and Implementations projects. This release includes a new flexible model to support evolving technologies and a variety of deployment styles. The Hybrid Multi-Cloud model and New security requirements including IaC Security, DevSecOps best practices for Infrastructure are included.

The Reference Architecture for IaaS orchestrated by OpenStack now includes major enhancements to the security requirements and practices, and coverage of cloud topologies including the Edge. Cloud Topology changes including Distributed control and Edge Content. Major enhancements to the Security Requirements, too.

The Reference Architecture for Kubernetes systems includes an explicit definition of K8s release and API policy (Update to K8s 1.21). It defines mandatory features as part of the new Special Interest Group requirements chapter, aiding automatic conformance testing.

There were no major changes in the Reference Conformance (RC) specifications for OpenStack, but the RC specs for K8s add all new Special Interest Group test cases.

The Reference Installer for K8s and Kuberef project updated Kubernetes components and added new features introduced in RA2. They updated the RI2 Cookbook to support deployment of new RA2/RM requirements, and added support for RI2 deployment on multiple OS (CentOS and Ubuntu based).

The newly-formed Community Coordination sub-Committee (CCC) took on its first task to assist with community coordination: the preparation of overall documentation for projects participating in the Kali Release.

The Anuket work on the next release, Lakelse, has already begun. We are looking for more ways to integrate the constituents and projects in even more cohesive ways, and re-start the verification program, now called Anuket-Assured.

All-in-all, a very complete set of improved specifications and open source test, install, and monitroing capabilities were delivered in this release. Take some time to examine the release in more detail and see what the “power of Kali” can do for you! From [KALIDOCS], users can read, install, configure, and find user guides when they are ready.

Anuket’s Elbrus Release is Here

By Blog, News

By: Walter Kozlowski, Principal Architect, Cloud Infrastructure Services, Telstra; Anuket TSC Co-Chair

Elbrus, the latest version of the LFN Anuket reference model, specifications, implementations and conformance tests for network cloud infrastructure was released to the public on January 29 this year. Keeping in mind that Anuket is a Linux Foundation Networking project launched in January this year out of a merger of CNTT (Cloud iNfrastructure Telco Taskforce) with OPNFV (Open Platform for Network Functions Virtualization), one has to appreciate this community effort to deliver on time such a large multi-project release. Elbrus builds upon the CNTT Baraque release delivered in September 2020, of which the reference model component was published as a GSMA permanent reference document NG.126.

So, what is new in Elbrus?

To start with, it provides numerous specification and implementation updates in a constant battle to keep up with the technology upgrades. Then, more test cases have been added to the Reference Compliance projects, making this important for the industry program even more comprehensive.

However, I believe the primary significance of the Elbrus release is its decisive move towards the cloud native paradigm – which is far from being trivial or even, in some aspects, understood in the context of the complex world of telecommunications. Hence, in Elbrus we started new chapters on hybrid, multi-cloud models covering a wide range of use cases from the Data Center to the Edge, from Private to Public Cloud, from enterprise application workloads to 5G, remembering that containerization and cloud native principals are the real drivers behind the evolution of these use cases.

The Anuket community of telco operators and their technology suppliers is very sensitive to the real-life challenges of the industry. Hence, a lot of new content was devoted to extending narratives around topics like operations, automation, security, hardware management, hardware acceleration, multi-networking in the containerized network infrastructure, and network programmability. To tackle such a wide range of complex topics, we made sure that top industry experts participated in the creation of Elbrus. However, we also made many efforts to reach out to a wider community, initializing or strengthening Anuket’s relationship with other LFN projects as well as with several industry organizations like GSMA, ETSI, CNCF, Open Infrastructure Foundation, O-RAN Alliance, and others.

Results of these new topics started in Elbrus will be undoubtedly visible in the next Anuket release expected around the middle of 2021. In the meantime, see the details for Elbrus release here.

Learn how to get started with Anuket here.

LF Networking Launches Anuket, an Open Source Project to Accelerate Infrastructure Compliance, Interoperability and 5G Deployments

By News


  • OPNFV and CNTT merge to form Anuket, enable rapid deployment of cloud native and virtual network functions (CNFs & VNFs), infrastructure, and services
  • Anuket unifies global ecosystem of telecom operators, vendors, and systems integrators into a de facto open community with over 100 organizations participating to date
  • New project facilitates seamless lifecycle management for integrating requirements, architecture, specifications, implementation, testing and deployment of Telecom Network Infrastructure

SAN FRANCISCO– January 27, 2021 – LF Networking (LFN), which facilitates collaboration and operational excellence across open source networking projects, today announced the creation of the Anuket project. A merger of CNTT (The Cloud iNfrastructure Telco Taskforce, which provided reference models and architectures for both virtual machine and containerized network functions) and OPNFV (the Open Platform for NFV, which reduced time to integrate and deploy NFV infrastructure and onboard VNF/CNFs), Anuket tools and artifacts empower the global communications community to deliver compliant network services faster, more reliably and securely, and accelerate the transformation to cloud native infrastructures. 

Anuket delivers standardized reference infrastructure specifications and conformance frameworks for virtualized and cloud native network functions, enabling faster and more robust onboarding into production, reducing costs, and accelerating telecom digital transformation. By continuing OPNFV’s legacy of operating upstream with collaboration across other open source projects (such as LF Networking, LF Edge, CNCF, LF AI, ODIM and other industry organizations and standards bodies) and CNTT’s operator focus, the project ensures technology meets business and operational needs. Anuket will also preserve CNTT’s close working relationship with GSMA, who will continue to publish the project’s Reference Model work.  

“It’s incredible to see the evolution of what began as the Open Platform for Network Functions Virtualization over six years ago,” said Heather Kirksey, vice president of Community and Ecosystem Development at the Linux Foundation. “With Anuket, we are making it easier and more efficient for CSPs to transform their networks and save money, with one, end-to-end platform.”

“The Anuket project is unique in covering Operator requirements collection and normalisation, subsequent open-source software development, through to Industry certification programs of ecosystem implementations, all under a single initiative,” said Walter Kozlowski, Anuket Technical Steering Committee co-chair and Principal, Cloud Infrastructure Architecture, at Telstra. “I am proud to serve in the role of a co-chair of its Technical Steering Committee, and I am excited by the unique opportunity this project creates for my company and for the whole industry, in the area of network transformation and related telco open infrastructure.”

Moving Forward

The project will build on the long-standing success of each community’s output. OPNFV’s final stand-alone release, Jerma, delivered in December, delivered CNTT-ready capabilities, including an initial cloud native Reference Implementation and integration of cloud native testing aligned with CNTT’s R2 work. Elbrus, CNTT’s final release, planned by early February, initiates a number of new work areas, including infrastructure automation and observability, hardware management, and hardware abstraction and network fabric programmability. These topics will be crucial to ongoing operational scalability, especially as edge deployments become more common. This work will continue to drive implementation and testing project code in future Anuket releases. To get involved in Anuket and help build the future core infrastructure for the global communications ecosystem, visit

LF Networking will be hosting a virtual Developer & Testing Event February 1-4 to work on project releases, discuss project architecture, direction, and integration points,  and further innovation through the open source networking stack. The Anuket track will  focus on the Reference Architectures and Reference Model and address implementation considerations for the OPNFV Verification Program (OVP). For details and registration, visit: 

Additional Member Support


“I’m very excited about the merging of CNTT and OPNFV into a single entity,” said Andre Fuetsch, CTO, Network Services, AT&T. “This move will empower the global communications community by bringing together reference cloud infrastructure models and architectures with conformance programs and tools to deliver network services faster, more reliably, and securely. The collaborative spirit of this open source development effort will help grow the communications industry to new levels of service for all stakeholders. Empowering the global society to benefit. We at AT&T are proud to be part of this initiative and look forward to supporting Anuket in the coming years.”


“Huawei expects the merging of CNTT and OPNFV into Anuket can further help align the understanding of NFV infrastructure and evolve the existing technologies to better adapt cloud native and Telecom needs,” said Uli Klener, chief standardization expert, Huawei. 


“As the telecom industry continues the rapid transformation to cloud native technologies and virtualization fueled by 5G, Anuket’s merging of OPNFV and CNTT initiatives is another important way to help provide the predictability operators need to efficiently deploy new services,” said Rajesh Gadiyar, vice president and chief technology officer of Intel’s network platforms group, and LFN board member. “Intel has been at the forefront from the beginning, leading in governance, promotion, requirements and code contributions, working with the community to realize the vision of Anuket while optimizing our network portfolio of processors, accelerators, memory, and software for an enhanced customer experience and performance.”


“CNTT dramatically improves the efficiency and productivity in onboarding and deploying VNF/CNFs, accelerating network transformation and lowering TCO, by defining a reference infrastructure model for telcos and other communication service providers,” said Toshiyasu (Toshi) Wakayama, manager, European Research Office, KDDI.  “Now Anuket, with combination of CNTT’s definition role and OPNFV’s verification / conformance tests developing role, will undoubtedly and effectively accelerate realisation of CNTT’s concept, which is essential in the 5G era and beyond.” 


“Standardizing on the basic architecture and ways in which CNFs and VNFs interact with our infrastructure has provided us with a serious advantage,” said Shaun O’Meara, Global Field CTO, Mirantis. “Our customers can spend a minimum amount of time onboarding new capabilities, and we can focus on adding value beyond the commodified underpinnings of that infrastructure, such as Kubernetes or OpenStack.”


“Orange is a founding member and major contributor of CNTT and was also the first contributor of OPNFV,” said Stéphane Demartis, vice president, Cloud Infrastructure Solutions and Services at Orange. “Today, we leverage it in our internal telco IaaS, which is already CNTT compliant, and request compliance in sourcing. We are totally convinced that the strengths of CNTT and OPNFV together will produce greater synergy to go further. With this merger, Anuket will reach the size and breadth necessary to drive the industry towards an efficient, interoperable cloud infrastructure for telecom services, benefiting the entire industry, developers, vendors, integrators and operators.”

Saudi Telecom Company

“The Anuket project will be a game changer of how Telcos think about the cloud, and it will accelerate the adoption of cloud platforms inside Telcos; this will enable integration of the best from both CCNT and OPNFV,” said  Ahmed El Sawaf, technical director, Network Transformation and Cloud Infrastructure, STC. Where CCNT succeeded to achieve a reference model and reference architecture, while OPNFV achieved reference implementation and reference conformance to have an E2E view on how the cloud should be built.”


“As we launch Anuket by melding CNTT with OPNFV I am excited to see the project moving into the next development stage, taking reference architectures and models translating them into implementations and conformant platforms,” said Beth Cohen, Cloud Technology Strategist, Verizon. “I am looking forward to being able to use Anuket conformance as a way to simplify and speed our vendor on-boarding processes.”

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